Colonel James Gardiner (January 11, 1688-September 21, 1745) was a Scottish soldier who fought in the British Army during 1745. He was born at Carriden, educated in Linlithgow, and joined the army at the age of fourteen. He served with distinction in several battles and was promoted through the ranks to Colonel in 1743. At the Battle of Prestonpans, he was killed by the Highlanders after his dragoons had fled the field. Gardiner was known as a rake in his youth, but had a religious experience in 1719 and became a devout convert. In 1726 he married Frances Erskine, daughter to the ninth Earl of Buchan; five of their thirteen children survived to adulthood. An influential biography was written by Philip Doddridge.