John Fairfield Dryden (1839-1911) was a businessman and a United States Senator from New Jersey. Born in Temple, Maine, he moved to Massachusetts in 1846 with his parents, who settled in Worcester. He attended Yale College and, in 1875, founded the Prudential Insurance Co. of America in Newark, New Jersey, becoming its first secretary and in 1881 its president, and served in the latter position until 1911. He was one of the founders of the Fidelity Trust Company. He was involved in the establishment and management of various street railways, banks, and other financial enterprises in New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania, and was elected as a Republican to the U. S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William J. Sewell and served from 1902 until 1907. He was a candidate for reelection, but withdrew because of a deadlock in the legislature, which at the time elected U. S. Senators. While in the Senate, Dryden was chairman of the Committee on Relations with Canada (Fifty-seventh Congress) and a member of the Committee on Enrolled Bills (Fifty-eighth and Fifty-ninth Congresses).