The "Pearl Poet", or the "Gawain Poet", is the name given to the author of Pearl, an alliterative poem written in 14th-century Middle English. Its author appears also to have written the poems Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Patience, and Cleanness; some scholars have suggested he may also have composed Saint Erkenwald. Save for the latter, all these works are known from a single surviving manuscript. This body of work includes some of the greatest poetry written in Middle English. The Pearl Poet is in modern scholarship most often identified as John Massey, a member of the landed gentry from Cheshire.