Alexander Berkman (1870-1936) was a leading member of the anarchist movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries. He was the lover and close associate of Emma Goldman, a Lithuanianborn anarchist with whom he collaborated frequently and organized civil rights and anti-war campaigns. In 1892, he attempted to assassinate Henry Clay Frick in retaliation for his involvement with the Homestead Strike: Berkman subsequently served a fourteen-year sentence. During World War I he was deported along with Goldman and other foreign-born American anarchists as a result of the Anarchist Exclusion Act. His works include: Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist (1912), The Bolshevik Myth (Diary 1920-1922) (1925) and Now and After: The ABC of Communist Anarchism (1929).