Mother Earth was a radical political journal first published in March 1906 by anarchist Emma Goldman (1869-1940). Alexander Berkman, another wellknown anarchist, was the magazine's typesetter. Mother Earth was a political journal that advocated radical political causes, labor agitation, and opposition to the U. S. government on a variety of issues. Its subscribers and supporters formed a virtual 'who's who' of the radical left in America in the years prior to 1920. In 1917, Mother Earth began to openly call for opposition to American entry into World War I and specifically to disobey government laws on conillegalscription and registration for the military draft. Mother Earth remained in monthly circulation until August 1917.