Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham (1852-1936) was a Scottish politician, writer, journalist and adventurer. He was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament (MP); the first-ever socialist member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom; a founder of the Scottish Labour Party (1888-1893); a founder of the National Party of Scotland; and the first president of the Scottish National Party in 1934. After being educated at Harrow public school in England, Robert finished his education in Brussels, Belgium before moving to Argentina to make his fortune cattle ranching. He became known as a great adventurer and gaucho there, and was affectionately known as Don Roberto. During his life Graham had a large number of books and articles published. Subject matter included: history, biography, poetry, essays, politics, travel and seventeen collections of short stories. Titles include: Notes on the District of Menteith (1895), The Ipane (1899), Beattock for Moffat, Thirteen Stories (1900), A Vanished Arcadia (1901), Hernando de Soto (1903), Progress (1905), His People (1906), Scottish Stories (1914) and Brought Forward (1916).