Emily Ferguson Murphy (also wrote as: Janey Canuck) (1868-1933) was a Canadian women's rights activist. In 1916, she became the first woman magistrate in Canada, and in the British Empire. She is best known for her contributions to Canadian feminism, specifically to the question of whether women were "persons" under Canadian law. Murphy was also a journalist and author. Her experience in the courts led her to inveigh against drugs, in particular opium and marijuana. As Janey Canuck, Murphy wrote a number of articles about drugs and attendant social problems. These were published in The Black Candle (1922) under her pen name. Her other works include: The Impressions of Janey Canuck Abroad (1902), Janey Canuck in the West (1910), Open Trails (1912), Seeds of Pine (1914) and Our Little Canadian Cousin of the Great Northwest (1923).