The Reverend Archibald Henry Sayce (1846-1933), was a pioneer Assyriologist and linguist, who held a chair as Professor of Assyriology at the University of Oxford from 1891 to 1919. In 1874 Sayce published a long paper, â¿¿The Astronomy and Astrology of the Babyloniansâ¿¿ in Transactions of the Society of Biblical Archaeology vol. 3, part 1), with transcriptions and translations of the relevant cuneiform texts, that was one of the first articles to recognise and translate astronomical cuneiform texts. Working with a plaster impression, Sayce translated the cuneiform text of a seal Tarritktimme: King of the Country of Erme (Walters Gallery, Baltimore). Later, after Sayce had turned his attention to Egyptology, archives were discovered at Hattusa that unlocked the language spoken there. Lectures were his favourite vehicle for publication. He published in 1887 his Hibbert lectures on Babylonian religion; in 1902 his Gifford lectures on Egyptian and Babylonian religion; and in 1907 his Rhind lectures. Amongst his other works are: Fresh Light from the Ancient Monuments (1883), Assyria: Its Princes, Priests and People (1885), Patriarchal Palestine (1895/1912) and Babylonians and Assyrians: Life and Customs (1900).