Simon Rosenbaum B.Sc. (b. 1877) was a British Jewish academic active in the early twentieth century, whose major field of study was statistics. He is perhaps best-known today for an editing a collection of essays entitled Against Home Rule: The Case for Union, which was first published in 1912 at the height of the crisis over Irish Home Rule. Contributors to this work included Arthur J. Balfour, J. Austen Chamberlain, and L. S. Amery.