A title by Francis John Haverfield, who was a British historian and archaeologist. Educated at the University of Oxford, he also worked under Theodor Mommsen. In 1907 he became Camden Professor of Ancient History at Oxford. Haverfield was the first to undertake a scientific study of Roman Britain and he is considered by some to be the first theorist to tackle the issue of the Romanization of the Roman Empire. Among his students was the archaeologist and topographer Thomas Ashby, the first scholar and third director of the British School at Rome as well as the Oxford historian, archeologist, and philosopher R. G. Collingwood, the only surviving pupil of Haverfield after World War I.