Über den Autor
Richard Gray is Professor of Literature at the University of Essex and former Distinguished Visiting Professor at a number of universities in the United States. He is the first specialist in American literature to be elected a Fellow of the British Academy and has published over a dozen books on the topic, including the award-winning Writing the South: Ideas of an American Region (1986) and The Life of William Faulkner: A Critical Biography (1994). His History of American Literature (Blackwell, 2004) is widely considered to be one of the standard works on the subject.
Acknowledgments xirn1 The First Americans: American Literature Before and During the Colonial and Revolutionary Periods 1rnImagining Eden 1rnNative American Oral Traditions 4rnSpanish and French Encounters with America 14rnAnglo-American Encounters 21rnWriting of the Colonial and Revolutionary Periods 27rnPuritan narratives 28rnChallenges to the Puritan oligarchy 32rnSome colonial poetry 36rnEnemies within and without 44rnTrends toward the secular and resistance 48rnToward the Revolution 60rnAlternative voices of Revolution 69rnWriting Revolution: Poetry, drama, fiction 75rn2 Inventing Americas: The Making of American Literature, 1800-1865 88rnMaking a Nation 88rnThe Making of American Myths 92rnMyths of an emerging nation 92rnThe making of Western myth 95rnThe making of Southern myth 105rnLegends of the Old Southwest 109rnThe Making of American Selves 114rnThe Transcendentalists 114rnVoices of African-American identity 126rnThe Making of Many Americas 133rnNative American writing 134rnOral culture of the Hispanic Southwest 139rnAfrican-American polemic and poetry 141rnAbolitionist and pro-slavery writing 145rnAbolitionism and feminism 154rnAfrican-American writing 161rnThe Making of an American Fiction and Poetry 171rnThe emergence of American narratives 171rnWomen writers and storytellers 190rnSpirituals and folk songs 196rnAmerican poetic voices 199rn3 Reconstructing the Past, Reimagining the Future: The Development of American Literature, 1865-1900 219rnRebuilding a Nation 219rnThe Development of Literary Regionalism 224rnFrom Adam to outsider 224rnRegionalism in the West and Midwest 231rnAfrican-American and Native American voices 233rnRegionalism in New England 235rnRegionalism in the South 239rnThe Development of Literary Realism and Naturalism 255rnCapturing the commonplace 255rnCapturing the real thing 259rnToward Naturalism 269rnThe Development of Women's Writing 281rnWriting by African-American women 281rnWriting and the condition of women 284rnThe Development of Many Americas 290rnThings fall apart 290rnVoices of resistance 293rnVoices of reform 295rnThe immigrant encounter 299rn4 Making It New: The Emergence of Modern American Literature, 1900-1945 308rnChanging National Identities 308rnBetween Victorianism and Modernism 320rnThe problem of race 320rnBuilding bridges: Women writers 326rnCritiques of American provincial life 336rnPoetry and the search for form 345rnThe Inventions of Modernism 359rnImagism, Vorticism, and Objectivism 359rnMaking it new in poetry 367rnMaking it new in prose 397rnMaking it new in drama 420rnTraditionalism, Politics, and Prophecy 431rnThe uses of traditionalism 431rnPopulism and radicalism 446rnProphetic voices 462rnCommunity and Identity 466rnImmigrant writing 466rnNative American voices 472rnThe literature of the New Negro movement and beyond 476rnMass Culture and the Writer 503rnWestern, detective, and hardboiled fiction 503rnHumorous writing 509rnFiction and popular culture 512rn5 Negotiating the American Century: American Literature since 1945 519rnToward a Transnational Nation 519rnFormalists and Confessionals 532rnFrom the mythological eye to the lonely "I" in poetry 532rnFrom formalism to freedom in poetry 540rnThe uses of formalism 548rnConfessional poetry 554rnNew formalists, new confessionals 563rnPublic and Private Histories 568rnDocumentary and dream in prose 568rnContested identities in prose 576rnCrossing borders: Some women prose writers 588rnBeats, Prophets, Aesthetes, and New Formalists 599rnRediscovering the American voice: The Black Mountain writers 599rnRestoring the American vision: The San Francisco Renaissance 606rnRecreating American rhythms: The beat generation 610rnReinventing the American self: The New York poets 615rnRedefining American poetry: The New Formalists 623rnResisting orthodoxy: Dissent and experiment in fiction 631rnThe Art and Politics of Race 640rnDefining a new black aesthetic 640rnDefining a new black identity in prose 651rnDefining a new black identity in drama 663rnTelling impossible stories: Recent African-American fiction 668rnRealism and its Discontents 678rnConfronting the real, stretching the realistic in drama 678rnNew Journalists and dirty realists 700rnLanguage and Genre 705rnWatching nothing: Postmodernity in prose 705rnThe actuality of words: Postmodern poetry 720rnSigns and scenes of crime, science fiction, and fantasy 727rnCreating New Americas 740rnDreaming history: European immigrant writing 740rnRemapping a nation: Chicano/a and Latino/a writing 748rnImprovising America: Asian-American writing 763rnNew and ancient songs: The return of the Native American 779rnAfter the Fall: American Literature since 9/11 795rnWriting the crisis in prose 795rnWriting the crisis in drama 809rnWriting the crisis in poetry 816rnFurther Reading 829rnIndex 857
Updated throughout and with much new material, A History of American Literature, Second Edition, is the most up-to-date and comprehensive survey available of the myriad forms of American Literature from pre-Columbian times to the present.
* The most comprehensive and up-to-date history of American literature available today
* Covers fiction, poetry, drama, and non-fiction, as well as other forms of literature including folktale, spirituals, the detective story, the thriller, and science fiction
* Explores the plural character of American literature, including the contributions made by African American, Native American, Hispanic and Asian American writers
* Considers how our understanding of American literature has changed over the past?thirty years
* Situates American literature in the contexts of American history, politics and society
* Offers an invaluable introduction to American literature for students at all levels, academic and general readers