List of Contributors xi
Part I Introduction 1
1 What Is Bioethics? A Historical Introduction 3
Helga Kuhse and Peter Singer
Part II Questions About Bioethics 13
2 Ethical Theory and Bioethics 15
3 Culture and Bioethics 24
4 Gender and Bioethics 36
5 Religion and Bioethics 46
6 Law and Bioethics 56
Wibren van der Burg
Part III Ethical Approaches 65
7 A Principle-based Approach 67
James F. Childress
8 Exceptionless Rule Approaches 77
9 A Utilitarian Approach 85
R . M . Hare
10 A Virtue Ethics Approach 91
11 A Care Approach 105
Rita C . Manning
12 A Case Approach 117
John D . Arras
Part IV Before Birth: Issues Involving Embryos and Fetuses 127
13 Personhood 129
14 Abortion 140
Mary Anne Warren
15 Mother-Fetus Conflict 149
Part V Issues In Reproduction 161
16 Population 163
Margaret Pabst Battin
17 Assisted Reproduction, Prenatal Testing, and Sex Selection 178
Laura M . Purdy
18 Cloning 193
Part VI The New Genetics 205
19 Gene Therapy 207
20 Genetic Enhancement 216
21 Creating and Patenting New Life Forms 235
22 Genetic Counseling, Testing, and Screening 245
Part VII Life and Death Issues 261
23 Medical Decisions at the End of Life 263
Dan W . Brock
24 Severely Disabled Newborns 274
Eike-Henner W . Kluge
25 Death, Brain Death, and Persistent Vegetative State 286
26 Advance Directives 299
Alexander Morgan Capron
27 Voluntary Euthanasia, Suicide, and Physician-assisted Suicide 312
28 The Slippery Slope Argument 321
Govert den Hartogh
Part VIII Resource Allocation 333
29 Deciding Between Patients 335
30 Society s Allocation of Resources for Health 351
Daniel Wikler and Sarah Marchand
31 Is There a Right to Health Care and, If So, What Does It Encompass? 362
Part IX Organ Donations 373
32 A World of Transferable Parts 375
Janet Radcliffe Richards
Part X Global Health-care Issues 391
33 Global Health Responsibilities 393
Christopher Lowry and Udo Schüklenk
34 Developing World Challenges 404
Udo Schüklenk, Michael Kottow, and Peter A. Sy
35 Global Pharmaceutical Markets 417
Kevin Outterson and Donald W. Light
36 Infectious Disease 430
Michael J. Selgelid
37 AIDS as a Global Health Emergency 441
Part XI Experimentation With Humans and Animals 455
38 Research Involving Human Beings 457
Florencia Luna and Ruth Macklin
39 Regulating Experimentation in Research and Medical Practice 469
Paul Ulhas Macneill
40 Research Using Preimplantation Human Embryos 487
Mary Warnock and Peter Braude
41 The Moral Status of Animals and Their Use As Experimental Subjects 495
Bernard E . Rollin
PART XII Ethical Issues in the Practice of Health Care 511
42 Confidentiality 513
Raanan Gillon and Daniel K. Sokol
43 Truth-telling 520
44 Informed Consent and Patient Autonomy 530
45 Patients Doubtfully Capable or Incapable of Consent 541
46 Ethics in Nursing Practice 551
Janet L. Storch
47 Global Trends in Nursing Ethics 563
Part XIII The Teaching and Practice of Bioethics 571
48 Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultants 573
Jonathan D . Moreno
49 Teaching Ethics in the Health Professions 584
Über den Autor
Helga Kuhse is Adjunct Research Associate, School of Philosophy and Bioethics, Monash University, Australia. She is the author, co-author, or editor of more than 150 professional articles and some 15 books, including Bioethics: An Anthology (co-edited with Peter Singer, second edition, Blackwell, 2006).
Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics in the University Center for Human Values at Princeton University and Laureate Professor in the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the University of Melbourne. He is the author, co-author, or editor of more than 30 books, including Animal Liberation (first published in 1975), widely credited with triggering the modern animal rights movement, Practical Ethics (second edition, 1993), In Defense of Animals: The Second Wave (Blackwell, 2005), The Moral of the Story: An Anthology of Ethics Through Literature (co-edited with Renata Singer, Blackwell, 2004) and The Life You Can Save (2009). He was the founding president of the International Association of Bioethics, and in 2005 Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
TOC from first edition].
Part I: Introduction:.
1. What is Bioethics? A Historical Introduction: Helga Kuhse and Peter Singer.
Part II: Questions About Bioethics:.
2. Ethical Theory and Bioethics: James Rachels.
3. Bioethics and Cultural Diversity: Segun Gbadegesin.
4. Gender and Bioethics: Jan Crosthwaite.
5. Religion and Bioethics: Baruch Brody.
6. Law and Bioethics: Wibren van der Burg.
Part III: Ethical Approaches:.
7. A Principle-based Approach: James F. Childress.
8. An Absolute Rule Approach: Joseph Boyle.
9. A Utilitarian Approach: R. M. Hare.
10. A Virtue Ethics Approach: Justin Oakley.
11. A Care Approach: Rita C. Manning.
12. A Case Approach: John D. Arras.
Part IV: Before Birth: Issues Involving Embryos and Fetuses:.
13. Personhood: Michael Tooley.
14. Abortion: Mary Ann Warren.
15. Mother-Fetus Conflict: Bonnie Steinbock.
Part V: Issues in Reproduction:.
16. Population Issues: Margaret Battin.
17. Assisted Reproduction: Laura Purdy.
18. Prenatal Screening, Sex Selection and Cloning: Paul Robinson.
Part VI: The New Genetics:.
19. Gene Therapy: Ruth Chadwick.
20. Mapping the Human Genome: Timothy Murphy.
21. Creating and Patenting New Life Forms: Nils Holtug.
22. Genetic Screening and Counselling: Angus Clarke.
Part VII: Life and Death Issues:.
23. Medical Decisions at the End of Life: Dan W. Brock.
24. Severely Disabled Newborns: Eike-Henner W. Kluge.
25. Brain Death, Cortical Death and Persistent Vegetative State: Jeff McMahan.
26. Advance Directives: Alex Capron.
27. Voluntary Euthanasia, Suicide and Physician Assisted Suicide: Brian Stoffell.
28. The Slippery Slope Argument: Govert den Hartogh.
Part VIII: Resource Allocation:.
29. Micro-allocation: Deciding Between Patients: John Harris.
30. Macro-allocation: Dividing Up the Health Care Budget: Dan Wikler and Sarah Marchand.
31. Is There a Right to Health Care and, If So, What Does it Encompass?: Norman Daniels.
Part IX: Organ Donations:.
32. Organ Transplantation: Rosamund Rhodes.
Part X: AIDS:.
33. AIDS: Individual and 'Public' Interests: Udo Schuklenk.
34. AIDS: Ethical Issues in the Developing World: Udo Schuklenk et al.
Part XI: Experimentation With Human Subjects:.
35. Experimentation on Human Beings: Paul M. McNeill.
36. Ethical Issues in Human Experimentation: Leonardo D. de Castro.
37. Experimentation on Human Embryos and Fetuses: Mary Warnock.
Part XII: Experimentation with Animals:.
38. History and Ethical Regulation of Animal Experimentation: An International Perspective: F. Barbara Orlans.
39. The Moral Status of Animals and Their Use as Experimental Subjects: Bernard E. Rollins.
Part XIII: Ethical Issues in the Practice of Health Care:.
40. Confidentiality: Raanan Gillon.
41. Truth-telling: Roger Higgs.
42. Informed Consent and Patient Autonomy: Robert Young.
43. Patients Doubtfully Capable or Incapable of Consent: Carl Elliot.
44. Special Issues Facing Nurses: Verena Tschudin.
Part XIV: The Teaching and Practice of Bioethics:.
45. Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultants: Jonathan D. Moreno.
46. How Bioethics is Being Taught: A Critical Review: Cat Myser.
This second edition of A Companion to Bioethics, fully revised and updated to reflect the current issues and developments in the field, covers all the material that the reader needs to thoroughly grasp the ideas and debates involved in bioethics.
* Thematically organized around an unparalleled range of issues, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, health care, and teaching
* Now includes new essays on currently controversial topics such as cloning and genetic enhancement
* Topics are clearly and compellingly presented by internationally renowned bioethicists
* A detailed index allows the reader to find terms and topics not listed in the titles of the essays themselves