Über den Autor
Philip Carr is Professor of Linguistics at Montpellier University. He is the author of Linguistic Realities (1990), Phonology (1993), and A Glossary of Phonology (2008). He is editor of Phonological Knowledge: Conceptual and Empirical Issues (with N. Burton-Roberts and G. Docherty, 2000) and Headhood, Elements, Specification and Contrastivity (with J. Durand and C. Ewen, 2005). He is co-director, with Jacques Durand, of the project The Phonology of Contemporary English.
Preface for Teachers ixnPreface for Students xiiinAcknowledgements xvirnFigure 1 The organs of speech xviinFigure 2 The International Phonetic Alphabet xviiirn1 English Phonetics: Consonants (i) 1rn1.1 Airstream and Articulation 1n1.2 Place of Articulation 2n1.3 Manner of Articulation: Stops, Fricatives and Approximants 6nExercises 10rn2 English Phonetics: Consonants (ii) 12rn2.1 Central vs Lateral 12n2.2 Taps and Trills 13n2.3 Secondary Articulation 13n2.4 Affricates 14n2.5 Aspiration 15n2.6 Nasal Stops 15nExercises 17rn3 English Phonetics: Vowels (i) 20rn3.1 The Primary Cardinal Vowels 20n3.2 RP and GA Short Vowels 23nExercises 26rn4 English Phonetics: Vowels (ii) 28rn4.1 RP and GA Long Vowels 28n4.2 RP and GA Diphthongs 30nExercises 33rn5 The Phonemic Principle 35rn5.1 Introduction: Linguistic Knowledge 35n5.2 Contrast vs Predictability: The Phoneme 37n5.3 Phonemes, Allophones and Contexts 45n5.4 Summing Up 47nExercises 50rn6 English Phonemes 52rn6.1 English Consonant Phonemes 52n6.2 The Phonological Form of Morphemes 55n6.3 English Vowel Phonemes 60nExercises 63rn7 English Syllable Structure 66rn7.1 Introduction 66n7.2 Constituency in Syllable Structure 66n7.3 The Sonority Hierarchy, Maximal Onset and Syllable Weight 71n7.4 Language-Specific Phonotactics 76n7.5 Syllabic Consonants and Phonotactics 78n7.6 Syllable-Based Generalizations 80n7.7 Morphological Structure, Syllable Structure and Resyllabification 81n7.8 Summing Up 84nExercises 85rn8 Rhythm and Word Stress in English 87rn8.1 The Rhythm of Englishn8.2 English Word Stress: is it entirely random? 87n8.3 English Word Stress: some general principlesn8.4 Word Stress Assignment in Morphologically Simple Words 90n8.5 Word Stress Assignment and Morphological Structure 92n8.6 Compound Words 95nExercises 97rn9 Rhythm, Reversal and Reduction 99rn9.1 More on the Trochaic Metrical Foot 99n9.2 Representing Metrical Structure 105n9.3 Phonological Generalisations and Foot Structuren9.4 The Rhythm of English Again: Stress Timing and Eurhythmy 107nExercises 115rn10 English Intonation 116rn10.1 Tonic Syllables, Tones and Intonation Phrases 116n10.2 Departures from the LLI Rule 119n10.3 IPs and Syntactic Units 127n10.4 Tonic Placement, IP Boundaries and Syntax 129n10.5 Tones and Syntaxn10.6 Tonic Placement and Discourse Context 130nExercisesrn11 Grapho-phonemics: Spelling - Pronunciation Relationsrn11.1 Introductionn11.2 Vowel Graphemes and their Phonemic Valuesn11.3 Consonant Graphemes and their Phonemic ValuesnExercisesrn12 Variation in English Accents 134rn12.1 Introduction 134n12.2 Systemic vs Realizational Differences between Accents 135n12.3 Perceptual and Articulatory Space 141n12.4 Differences in the Lexical Distribution of Phonemes 145nExercises 147rn13 An Outline of Some Accents of English 149rn1 London Englishn2 Tyneside English 3 Standard Scottish Englishn4 New York City Englishn5 Texan Englishn6 Australian Englishn7 Indian Englishn8 An Overview of Some Common PhenomenanFound in Accent Variation 1nExercisesrnSuggested Further ReadingnIndex
The second edition of the popular English Phonetics and Phonology textbook has been extensively updated and expanded to offer greater flexibility for teachers and increased support for non-native speakers studying the sound systems of English.n* An ideal introduction to the study of the sound systems of English, designed for those with no previous knowledge of the subjectn* Second edition now rigorously updated and expanded to reflect feedback from existing students and to increase support for non-native speakers of Englishn* Benefits from a useful introduction to articulatory phonetics, along with coverage of the main aspects of the phonological structure of present-day Englishn* Features a completely new chapter on the relationship between English spelling and pronunciation, extended coverage of intonation, and extensive revisions to sections on rhythm, word stress, intonation and varieties of English worldwiden* Will include invaluable chapter-by-chapter exercises, linked to sound files available on the accompanying website at www.wiley.com/go/carrphonetics (available upon publication)