Section 1. Atmospheric Environment Monitoring. 1. The application of cell based biosensor and biochip for environmental monitoring.- 2. Aerosol concentrations and remote sources of airborme elements over Pico mountain, Azores, Portugal.- 3. Smog Chamber Measurements.- 4. Digital Photographic Technique to Quantify Plume Opacity during Daytime and Night time.- 5. An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions during a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques.- 6. Aerosol sampling efficiency evaluation Methods at the US Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center.- 7. Atmospheric aerosol monitoring from satellite observations: A history of three decades.- 8. Scanning Infrared Remote Sensing System for Detection, Identification and Visualization of Airborne Pollutants.- 9. Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Trace gases (NO2 and SO2) from SCIAMACHY.- Section 2. Contaminants Control Process Monitoring.- 10. Fabrication of Electrophoretic PDMS/PDMS Lab on-a-chip Integrated with Au Thin-Film Based Amperometric Detection for Phenolic Chemicals.- 11. Removal of selected Organic Micropollutants from WWTP Effluent with Powdered Activated Carbon and Retention by Nanofiltration.- 12. Development of Vertically Moving Automatic Water Monitoring System (VeMAS) For Lake Water Quality Management.- Section 3. Environmental Toxicity and monitoring assessment.- 13. Environmental monitoring by use of genomics and metabolomics technologies.- 14. A gene expression profiling approach to study the influence of ultrafine particles on rat lungs.- 15. Saccharomyces cerevisiae as biosensor for cyto- and genotoxic activity.- 16. Swimming behavioral toxicity in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) exposed to various chemicals for biological monitoring of water quality.- 17. Assessment of river health by combined microscale toxicity testing and chemical analysis.- 18. Effects of endocrine disruptors on nervous system related gene eapression: comprehensive analysis of medaka fish.- 19. The effects of earthworm maturity on arsenic accumulation and growth after exposure to OECD soils containing mine tailings.- 20. Toxicity of metallic nanoparticles in microorganisms- a review.
The extent of harmful effects of pollution on atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic environments can be translated into extreme temperature changes, dirty air, clean water shortages, and increased incidence of toxicity that harms every life on earth. Within a lifetime, our environment is changing drastically. Much of the information of environmental pollution impacts needs to be studied, from the mechanism of toxic nanoparticles on the molecular level to the detection of trace gases on the satellite perspective. It is therefore essential to develop advanced monitoring techniques, e- cient process technologies and health impact assessment tools to ?ll the gaps in our scienti?c knowledge. This edition of "Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring" is a handful of recent developments and techniques from environmental scientists in well-diversi?ed ?elds. These collections of manuscripts are extracts from the recently concluded "7th International Symposium on Advanced Environmental Monitoring" organized by the ADvanced Environmental Monitoring and Research Center (ADEMRC), Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Korea and held on February 25-28, 2008 in Honolulu, Hawaii. The three parts highlight important aspects of emerging environmental monitoring technologies: Atmospheric Environment, Contaminants Control Process, and Environmental Toxicity Asse- ment. Observational tools presented in the ?rst part ranges from in-situ measurements to satellite remote sensing for atmospheric monitoring. Highlighted in the second part is the recently developed water quality monitoring system for lake strati?cation and membrane technologies for detection and removal of contaminants. Lastly, toxicity monitoring of endocrine disruptors and nanoparticles are highlighted in the third part with new discoveries.
Addresses significant, real world problems such as:- meeting critical regional needs for ocean, climate, and ecosystem information to protect lives and property, - supporting economic development and enhancing the resilience of all regions in the face of changing environmental conditions, - 21 chapters by worldwide renowned scientists