Über den Autor
Richard N. Strange is Senior Lecturer in Plant Pathology at University College London and has a special interest in the plant disease problems of developing countries. Maria Lodovica Gullino is a professor of plant pathology at the University of Torino and President of the International Society for Plant Pathology. She has long term experience in plant disease management.
The role of plant pathology in food safety and food security. 1. Plant diseases and the world's dependence on rice; R.S. Zeigler, S. Savary.- 2. Development of appropriate strategies to control cassava diseases in Ghana; E. Moses.- 3. Biosecurity in the movement of commodities as a component of global food security; N.A. van der Graaff, W. Khoury.-
Global Food Security. 4. ISPP and the challenge of food security; P. Scott, R.N. Strange.- 5. Globalisation and the threat of biosecurity; H.C. Evans, J.M. Waller.- 6. Genetic Modification (GM) as a new tool in the resistance toolbox; T. Hohn, G. Schachermayr.- 7. The role of plant pathology and biotechnology in food security in Africa; J.M. Onsando, F. Wambugu.-
Mycotoxins. 8. The secondary metabolite toxin, sirodesmin PL, and its role in virulence of the blackleg fungus; B.J. Howlett et al.- 9. Biological and chemical complexity of Fusarium proliferatum; R.H. Proctor et al.
Biosecurity and quarantine. 10. Bioterrorism: a threat to plant biosecurity?; J.P. Stack et al.- 11. The revised IPPC - a new context for plant quarantine; W. Roberts.- 12. Pest risk analysis as applied to plant pathogens; F. Petter et al.
This collection of papers represents some of those given at the International Congress for Plant Pathology held in Turin in 2008 in the session with the title "The Role of Plant Pathology in Food Safety and Food Security". Although food safety in terms of "Is this food safe to eat?" did not receive much direct attention it is, never theless, an important topic. A crop may not be safe to eat because of its inh- ent qualities. Cassava, for example, is cyanogenic, and must be carefully prepared if toxicosis is to be avoided. Other crops may be safe to eat providing they are not infected or infested by microorganisms. Mycotoxins are notorious examples of compounds which may contaminate a crop either pre- or post-harvest owing to the growth of fungi. Two papers in this book deal with toxins, one by Barbara Howlett and co-workers and the other by Robert Proctor and co-workers. In the first of these, the role of sirodesmin PL, a compound produced by Leptosphaeria ma- lans, causal agent of blackleg disease of oilseed rape (Brassica napus), is discussed. The authors conclude that the toxin plays a role in virulence of the fungus and may also be beneficial in protecting the pathogen from other competing micro-organisms but there seem to be no reports of its mammalian toxicity.
Title is also available as part of a set: Plant Pathology in the 21st Century: (978-90-481-3637-7)