State Legitimacy and the Role of Morality.- State Legitimacy and the Role of Morality.- How Necessary is Morality to Legitimize a State?.- State Legitimacy and Social Order.- The Claims of States and the Claims of Morality.- Legitimacy and Justice.- Political Legitimacy and Its Need for Public Justification.- Consent, Obligation, and Legitimacy.- Which Role can Rationality Play for State Legitimacy?.- On the Rationality and Stability of a Minimal Consensus.- A Commentary on Zintl.- Rational Egoism, Morality and Human Rights.- A Commentary on Kaufmann.- Political Contractarianism and Equally Distributed Basic Rights.- How to Ensure the Stability of a Legitimate State?.- Value-Mistaken and Virtue-Mistaken Norms.- A Commentary on Pettit.- Political Norms, Markets and Social Capital.- Do Multinationals Create Social Capital Just Like That?.- Cultural Diversity and Liberalism.- Redistributing Liberty.
The initial idea for this anthology arose during my work at the interdisciplinary Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) 485 Norm and Symbol at the University of Konstanz. My research project on the potential of Hobbesian contract theory was in?uenced by the focus of the SFB on social phenomena such as pluralism and cultural change. In this context, I realized that the Hobbesian idea to refer only to instrumental rationality and basic egoistic interests to legitimize a state has, on one hand some advantages for pluralistic societies: All individuals are supposed to share these premises independent of the personal values they might hold. On the other hand, a rational legitimization must cope with the fundamental problem of explaining and legitimizing those tasks of legal states that go beyond the idea of a minimal state. Although my research was focused on the idea of solving this problem with a modi?cation of the Hobbesian argument, I became interested in the more general question of which role morality could or should play in legitimizing a state. Within the current discussion, not only rational but also political accounts of legitimacy can be attractive as soon as they try to avoid contentious normative premises. To analyse some of the core ideas within the current discussion, I - ganized an interdisciplinary workshop at the University of Konstanz in December 2004 in which different perspectives from sociology, politics and philosophy were compared and analysed.
Addresses the prominent problem of state legitimacy and unites contributions of sociologists, political scientists and philosophers
Provides an interdisciplinary perspective leading to a better understanding of the difficulties to legitimize a state especially in contemporary pluralistic societies
Presents and combine innovative ideas to improve both moral and rational accounts of state legitimacy as well as inventive alternatives to ensure the stability of states; hence, the volume brings together and shows the interconnections of three major aspects of state legitimacy normally discussed separately
The main contributions are followed by short commentaries, thus providing a critical appraisal perspective on the proposed ideas