Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Advanced Research Workshop on Soil Chemical Pollution, Risk Assessment, Remediation and Security, Sofia, Bulgaria, 23-26 May 2007
The main objective of the book is to contribute to the existing knowledge on soil pollution and remediation. Stress is given to: critical assessment of the used analyses and methods for study effects in combined chemical pollution (organic pollutants and pesticides, metals) on soil biota and fertility; to evaluate specific aspects of the risk assessment; to assess the most advanced technologies for soil remediation used for different purposes; to evaluated the economical involvement; to evaluate national policies for soil security in different NATO, Partner and Medditerranean Dialogue countries. Topics as laboratory and field methods for soil pollutants analyses, strategy of sampling and monitoring of polluted sites, sources, movement, interaction and transformation of soil pollutants, risk assessment of combined and complex exposure and effects of soil chemical pollution, management of soil pollution, prevention strategies and remediation are discussed. Recommendations concerning the fields of research needs, management of chemical polluted soils, environmental and environmental health policies and public communication and education are formulated.
Preface.- Acknowledgements.- List of contributors.- Detoxification of Polluted Soils by Heavy Metals and Acid Precipitations; H. Tchuldjian.- Contamination of Soils by Waste Deposits; E. Chirila, C. Dragichi.- Health-ecological Investigation of Soil Pollution with Heavy Metals and Arsenic in a Metallurgical and Ore Output Region; A. Spasov et al.- Quantitative Health Risk Assessment of Hydrocarbon Contamination at Former Inner Town Bus Depot (Case Study); G. Dura et al.- Extraction with EDTA to Assess the Global Risk Presented by Heavy Metals (Cd, Ni, Pb) in Soils and Sediments; M. Kedziorek, A. Bourg.- The Impact of Soil Pollutants on Soil Microbial Activity; R. Donkova, N. Kaloyanova.- Assessment of Inorganic Priority Pollutants in Contaminated Soils. Harmonization of Analytical Protocols for Heavy Metal Extraction. Analytical Speciation ; R. Rubio, J. Fermin López-Sánchez.- PCBs Content in Topsoils around the Metallurgical Plant Kremikovtsi; A. Dimitrova.- New Bulgarian Soil Pollution Standards; I. Atanassov.- Studies about Remediation of Contaminated Soils with Toxic Metals; E. Chirila, I.P. Carazeanu.- Assessment of the POP's Issues in the Republic of Moldova; A. Cojocaru, A. Tarita.- The Problem of Soil Pollution in Russia and Associated Health Problems; A. Chernih, D. Solodoukhina.- Present state, Risk Assessment and Treatment Options for the Conversion of Liquid Ballistic Missile Propellants in Azerbaijan Republic; A. Efendiev, E. Mammadov.- Using Lepidium as a test of phytotoxicity from lead/zinc spoils and soil conditioners; B. Janecka, K. Fijalkowski.- Hydrogeophysical Techniques for Soil Pollution Characterization and Monitoring: Ground-penetrating Radar; S. Lambot et al.- Geochemical Assessment of Reclaimed Lands in the Mining Regions of Ukraine; M. Kharytonov.- Urban Soils Pollution in Belarus: Priority Pollutants and Levels; V. Khomich et al.- Identification of Pollutants in Soils around the Obsolete Pesticides Stocks in Ukraine; V.Lokhanska et al.- Design of New 'Ionic Liquids' for Liquid/Liquid Extraction of Persistent Toxic Substances; F. Macaev et al.- Land and Soil Resources in Armenia. State of the Art and Policy Measures; Y. Suvaryan.- Sorption-Desorption Tests to Characterize Soils Contaminated by Heavy Metals: Implications for Risk Assessment; M. Vidal, A. Ricol.- Soil-Plant Transfer of Organic Chemicals and Derivation of Trigger Values; K. Terytze et al.- A Single Chemical Extraction Scheme for the Simultaneous Evaluation of the Potential Mobility of a Metalloid (As) and Metallic Elements (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) in Contaminated Soils and Mine Wastes; M. Angelica et al.- Numerical Models for Prediction of Flow and Transport in Soil at the Field Scale; M. Javaux, M. Vanclooster.- Diminishing of Human Exposure from Active Lead and Zinc Mining Dumps; R. Kucharski.- Soil Remediation Scenarios for Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil; A. Sas-Nowosielska et al.- Degradation of Soil in Kazakhstan: Problems and Challenges; N. Almaganbetov, V. Grigoruk.- Ecological Screening and Mapping of Heavy Metal Pollution of Soils by Laser Mass Spectrometry; L. Simeonov, B. Simeonova.- Analytical techniques and bioindicators in environmental control: honeybees, mussels, bioluminescent bacteria. Rapid immunoassays for pesticide detection; S. Girotti et al.- Accumulation and Transformation Processes of Pollutants in Soil; G. Coman et al.- Laser Mass Analyser in the Configuration of a Multi-purpose Transportable Mass Spectrometric System for Express Environmental Analysis. Applicability and Analytical Limitations; L. Simeonov, B. Simeonova. Bioremediation of Contaminated Soils by Hydrocarbons Degrading Bacteria and Decontamination Control; S. Girotti et al.- Application of Capillary Electrophorsis for Soil Monitoring; C. Draghici et al.- Subject Index.-
The objective of this hugely important text is to contribute to the existing knowledge on soil pollution and remediation. Stress is given to the critical assessment of the used analyses and methods for study effects in combined chemical pollution (organic pollutants and pesticides, metals) on soil biota and fertility. Also featured is, among other things, an evaluation of specific aspects of risk assessment, and an assessment of advanced technologies for soil remediation.
Risk assessment of combined and complex exposure and effects of soil chemical pollution
Laboratory and field methods for soil pollutants analyses
Strategy of sampling and monitoring of polluted sites
Sources, movement, interaction and transformation of soil pollutants
Management of soil pollution, prevention strategies and remediation