Preface. Contributing Authors. 1: Introduction; Yiteng (Arden) Huang, J. Benesty. 1. Multimedia Communications. 2. Challenges and Opportunities. 3. Organization of the Book. nI: Speech Acquisition and Enhancement. 2: Differential Microphone Arrays; G.W. Elko. 1. Introduction. 2. Differential Microphone Arrays. 3. Array Directional Gain. 4. Optimal Arrays for Isotropic Fields. 5. Design Examples. 6. Sensitivity to Microphone Mismatch and Noise. 7. Conclusions. 3: Spherical Microphone Arrays for 3D Sound Recording; J. Meyer, G.W. Elko. 1. Introduction. 2. Fundamental Concept. 3. The Eigenbeamformer. 4. Modal-Beamformer. 5. Robustness Measure. 6. Beampattern Design. 7. Measurements. 8. Summary. 9. Appendix A. 4: Subband Noise Reduction Methods for Speech Enhancement; E.J. Diethorn. 1. Introduction. 2. Wiener Filtering. 3. Speech Enhancement by Short-Time Spectral Modification. 4. Averaging Techniques for Envelope Estimation. 5. Example Implementation. 6. Conclusion. nII: Acoustic Echo Cancellation. 5: Adaptive Algorithms for MIMO Acoustic Echo Cancellation; J. Benesty, T. Gänsler, Yiteng (Arden) Huang, M. Rupp. 1. Introduction. 2. Normal Equations and Identification of a MIMO System. 3. The Classical and Factorized Multichannel RLS. 4. The Multichannel Fast RLS. 5. TheMultichannel LMS Algorithm. 6. The Multichannel APA. 7. The Multichannel Exponentiated Gradient Algorithm. 8. The Multichannel Frequency-domain Adaptive Algorithm. 9. Conclusions. 6: Double-talk Detectors for Acoustic Echo Cancellers; T. Gänsler, J. Benesty. 1. Introduction. 2. Basics of AEC and DTD. 3. Double-talk Detection Algorithms. 4. Comparison of DTDs by Means of the ROC. 5. Discussion. 7: The WinEC: A Real-Time Hands-Free Stereo Communication System; T. Gänsler, V. Fischer, E.J. Diethorn, J. Benesty. 1. Introduction. 2. System Description. 3. Algorithms of the Echo Canceller Module. 4. Residual Echo and Noise Suppression. 5. Simulations. 6. Real-Time Tests with Different Modes of Operation. 7. Discussion. nIII: Sound Source Tracking and Separation. 8: Time Delay Estimation; Jingdong Chen, Yiteng (Arden) Huang, J. Benesty. 1. Introduction. 2. Signal Models. 3. Generalized Cross-Correlation Method. 4. The Multichannel Cross-Correlation Algorithm. 5. Adaptive Eigenvalue Decomposition Algorithm. 6. Adaptive Multichannel Time Delay Estimation. 7. Experiments. 8. Conclusions. 9: Source Localization; Yiteng (Arden) Huang, J. Benesty, G.W. Elko. 1. Introduction. 2. Source Localization Problem. 3. Measurement Model and Cramér-Rao lower Bound for Source Localization. 4. Maximum Liklihood Estimator. 5. Least Squares Estimate. 6. Example
Audio Signal Processing for Next-Generation Multimedia Communication Systems presents cutting-edge digital signal processing theory and implementation techniques for problems including speech acquisition and enhancement using microphone arrays, new adaptive filtering algorithms, multichannel acoustic echo cancellation, sound source tracking and separation, audio coding, and realistic sound stage reproduction. This book's focus is almost exclusively on the processing, transmission, and presentation of audio and acoustic signals in multimedia communications for telecollaboration where immersive acoustics will play a great role in the near future.