This book recounts interagency work on classical biological control in the USA from 1992-2002, covering natural enemy exploration, introduction, and evaluation. It will encourage classical biological control inputs into other integrated pest management systems.
This book reviews interagency research and development of classical (importation) biological control of Bemisia tabaci (biotype B) conducted in the USA from 1992- 2002. The successful discovery, evaluation, release, and establishment of at least five exotic B. tabaci natural enemies in rapid response to the devastating infestations in the USA represents a landmark in interagency cooperation and coordination of multiple disciplines. The review covers all key aspects of the classical biocontrol program, beginning with foreign exploration and quarantine culture, through dev- opment of mass rearing methodology, laboratory and field evaluation for efficacy, to field releases, integration with other management approaches, and monitoring for establishment and potential non-target impacts. The importance of morphological and molecular taxonomy to the success of the program is also emphasized. The book's contributors include 28 USDA, state department of agriculture, and univ- sity scientists who participated in various aspects of the project. Bemisia tabaci continues to be a pest of major concern in many parts of the world, especially since the recent spread of the Q biotype, so the publication of a review of the biological control program for the B biotype is especially timely. We anticipate that our review of the natural enemies that were evaluated and which have established in the USA will benefit researchers and IPM practitioners in other nations affected by B. tabaci.
1. Introduction: Thomas J. Henneberry, Robert M. Faust;
2. Foreign Exploration for Insect Natural Enemies of Bemisia for Use in Biological Control in the USA: A Successful Program: Alan A. Kirk et al.
3. Entomopathogenic Fungi for Control of Bemisia tabaci Biotype B: Foreign Exploration, Research and Implementation: Lawrence A. Lacey et al.
4. Systematics and Biology of Encarsia: John M. Heraty et al.
5. The Genus Eretmocerus: Gregory Zolnerowich, Mike Rose.
6. Molecular Characterization with RAPD-PCR: Application of Genetic Diagnostics to Biological Control of the SweetPotato Whitefly: Don C. Vacek et al.
7. Quarantine Evaluation of Parasitoids Imported into the USA for Biocontrol of Bemisia tabaci Biotype B: John A. Goolsby et al.
8. Evaluation of Exotic Parasitoids and Predators in Field Cages in California: Kim A. Hoelmer, William J. Roltsch.
9. Field Evaluation of Bemisia Parasitoids in Texas: Matthew A. Ciomperlik, John A. Goolsby.
10. Mass-Rearing Bemisia Parasitoids for Support of Classical and Augmentative Biological Control Programs: Gregory S. Simmons et al.
11. Release and Recovery of Exotic Parasitoids of Bemisia tabaci in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas: John A. Goolsby, Matthew A. Ciomperlik.
12. Release and Recovery of Four Species of Eretmocerus against Bemisia tabaci Biotype B in Arizona: Juli Gould et al.
13. Release and Recovery of Exotic Natural Enemies of Bemisia tabaci (Biotype 'B') (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Imperial Valley, California: William J. Roltsch et al.
14. Releases of Exotic Parasitoids of Bemisia tabaci in San Joaquin Valley,California: Charles H. Pickett et al.
15. Habitat Management for the Establishment of Bemisia Natural Enemies: William J. Roltsch et al.
16. Integrating Parasitoid Releases with Traditional Control Methodologies: Experience in the Spring Melon Production System in the Southwestern USA: G. Simmons et al.
17. Multivariate Analysis of Bemisia tabaci Biotype B and Associated Parasitoid Populations within the Imperial Valley Agricultural System: Earl Andress et al.
18. Indigenous Parasitoids of Bemisia in the USA and Potential for Non-Target Impacts of Exotic Parasitoid Introductions: Kim A. Hoelmer et al.
Covers all key aspects of the classical biocontrol program
Includes 18 chapters contributed by 28 USDA, state department of agriculture, and university scientists who participated in the project
Organization and conduct of the project serves as a useful model for developing programs directed at biological control and whiteflies in other countries, as well as biocontrol programs for other pests
Complements other works on Bemisia that deal much more broadly with a wide range of subject areas