Preface. List of Participants. Semiconductor Spintronics for Quantum Computation. n1 Introduction. 2 Spin-dependent processes in electrical transport. 3 Spin Coherence Times in Semiconductors. 4 All-electrical control of single ion spins in a semiconductor. 5 Single-spin manipulation in quantum dots. 6 Spin-selective Devices Conclusion; M.E. Flatté.- Many-body effects in spin-polarized transport. n1 Drift-diffusion theory for charge. 2 Drift-diffusion theory for collinear spins. 3 Spin Coulomb drag - an introduction. 4 Drift-diffusion theory - continued. 5 Simple applications. 6 Microscopic theory of spin Coulomb drag. 7 Experimental observation of spin Coulomb drag. 8 Spinmass. 9 Spin Hall effect. 10 Conclusion; G. Vignale.- Nuclear spin dynamics in semiconductor nanostructures. n1 Introduction. 2 Hyperfine interaction and spin relaxation times. 3 Dynamic nuclear polarization. 4 Induced magnetic fIelds. 5 Overhauser frequency shifts. 6 Summary. A Table of Semiconductor Isotopes. B Parabolic quantum wells; I. Tifrea. Spin Coherence in Semiconductors. n1 Introduction. 2 Electrical Generation and Manipulation of Spin Polarization. 3 The Spin Hall Effect. 4 Spin Accumulation in Forward-Biased MnAs/GaAs Schottky Diodes. 5 Spin Coherence in Quantum Dots; J. Berezovsky et al.- Quantum computing with superconductors I: Architectures. n1 Introduction. 2 The basic qubits: phase, flux, and charge. n3 Fixed linear couplings. 4 Tunable couplings. 5 Dynamic couplings: Resonator coupled qubits; M.R. Geller et al.- Superconducting qubits II: Decoherence.n1 Introduction. 2 Single qubit decoherence. 3 Beyond Bloch-Redfteld. 4 Decoherence in coupled qubits. 5 Summary; F.K. Wilhelm et al.- Index
This book features the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute "Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems", held in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, August 2005, which presented a fundamental introduction to solid-state approaches to achieving quantum computation. This proceedings volume describes the properties of quantum coherence in semiconductor spin-based systems and the behavior of quantum coherence in superconducting systems.
Presents both semiconducting and superconducting approaches to manipulating quantum coherence in same book
Emphasizes the material and physical properties of semiconductors and superconductors relevant for their application to quantum coherence manipulation
Consolidates state-of-the-art information in this area only otherwise available in journal articles