Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Combined and Hybrid Adsorbents: Fundamentals and Applications, Kiev, Ukraine, 15-17 September 2005
The recent environmental concerns as well as the struggle against chemical terrorism demand new protection technologies and/or improvement of existing ones, e.g., adsorption. Adsorption is an established industrial separation technique used both in bulk separations and purifications, and is particularly suited for the solution of those problems. The new challenges call for new, more efficient and selective adsorbents. To accomplish these needs, new directions point to the development of adsorbents of a combined or hybrid nature.
This book constitutes an up-to-date review of the latest achievements in the synthesis, characterization and applications of hybrid organic-inorganic materials and of carbon and combined adsorbents. The modeling of the adsorption process, including the simulation of carbon masks used for both civil and military protection purposes is also addressed.
Preface. Part I. Hybrid adsorptive materials and Special Inorganic Adsorbents and special inorganic adsorbents. Synthesis, Structure and Adsorption Properties of Funcionalized Polysiloxane Materials; Y.L. Zub and A.A. Chuiko.- Design, Synthesis and Characterization of Ordered Mesoporous Materials for Environmental Applications; M. Jaroniec.- Selective Removal of Radionuclides from Nuclear Waste Effluents using Inorganic Ion Exchangers; R. Koivula et al..-Experimental Approach to the Synthesis of Hybrid Adsorbents on the basis of Polysiloxane Xerogels Functionalized with Calixarenes and their Derivatives; O.V. Kuchma.- Hybrid Polymer-Silica Adsorbent for Chromatography; O.N. Ruzimuradov.- Design and Characterization of Novel Zeoadsorption Media derived from Surface Coating with Functional Hydrocarbons; E. Chmielweská and W. Tylus.- Regulation of Lignocellulose Materials Sorption Properties by Modification for Environmental Application; G. Telysheva et al.-Hydrothermostability of Mesoporous Mesophase Materials of MCM-41 and SBA-3 type; M.E.Malyshev et al.- Uranium Sorption by Organozeolites and Ferromagnetic Organozeolites from Waste Water of Special Laundry; V.A. Nikashina et al.- Template Effect of the M3+ -Cations in the Course of the Synthesis of High Dispersed Titanium and Zirconium Phosphates; I.Z. Zhuravlev.- New Spherically Granulated Inorganic Ion Exchangers on the basis of Titanium Phosphate; A. Zaitseva et al.-Iron-based Nanoadsorbents for the Removal of Metal Ions from Water; E.A. Deliyanni et al.- Preliminary Study on the Adsorption of the Cationic Dye Astrazon Red by a Portuguese Bentonite; S.C.R. Santos et al.- Part II - Activated Carbon, Combined Adsorbents and other organic Adsorbents. Morphology and Surface Chemistry of Chemically Treated Activated Carbons; K. Laszló.- Porous Carbons in Gas Separation and Storage; F. RodrIguez-Reinoso.- .Carbonaceous Materials as Desulfurization Media; T.J. Bandosz.- Combined AdsorptionPreparations from Active Carbons, Clay Minerals and Natural Plant Products; M. T. Karte! et al.- Synthesis of New Low Density Carbon Materials with Molecular Sieving Properties; S. S. Stavitskaya et al.- Granular Activated Carbon from Deciduous Wood Lignocellulose; I Rizhikovs et al.- Synthesis of Activated Carbon from Spent Lubricating Oil and Application for Adsorption of Cadmium and Lead Ions from Aqueous Solution; R. Shawabkeh et al.- Synthesis and Catalytic Properties of N-Containing Synthetic Carbons on a basis of Copolymer of Styrene and Divinylbenzene; S.V. Zhuravsky et al.- Adsorption Properties of Modified Filtration Materials in Water Treatment; Y. I. Tarasevich et al.- Properties of Combined Sorbent 'Zeolite in Fiber'; V.A. Nikashina et al.- Enhancement of Adsorption Capacity by use of Phase Change Material (PCM) as Additive in an Activated Carbon (AC) Fixed Bed Adsorber; w.Zimmermann and J. U Keller.- Thermochemical Activation of Lignins for Obtaining Effective Sorbents; G. Dobele et al .- An Opportunity for Reduction ofthe Influence of Diffusion Resistance when Carrying out Catalytic and Adsorption Processes by using Porous Wall Tubes made of Activated Carbon; L. Lfutzkanov and N Kolev- .Use of Active Carbon to Phenol Reduction from Water Solution; A. Wolborska.- Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide, Ammonia and Nitrite Ions from Water Solutions using Modified Active Carbons; T. Lupascu et al.- Adsorption of Chromium Ions from Aqueous Solution using Activated Carbo-Aluminosilicate Material; R. A. Shawabkeh.- Modified Natural Sorbents for Binding Heavy Metal Ions; A. A. Nikolaychuk et a.- .Influence of Adsorption of Viruses of Plants on Electric Properties; of Porous Silicon Yuri A. Vashpanov and Igor P. Konup.- Adsorption Study of Lead by Ascophyllum Nodosum using a Factorial Experimental Design; 0. Freitas et al.- Application of Chitin Containing Sorbents for Treatment of Water Solutions; T. Solodovnik.- Biosorption Performance of a Binary Metal Mixture by Al
This book follows up an Advanced Research Workshop dedicated to the subject of adsorption. It presents an up-to-date review of the latest achievements in the synthesis, characterization and applications of hybrid organic-inorganic materials and of carbon and combined adsorbents. The modeling of the adsorption process, including the simulation of carbon masks used for both civil and military protection purposes is also addressed. Includes applications in environmental, military and post-disaster situations.
An up-to-date review of the preparation of hybrid and combined adsorbents and their applications
Includes applications of those materials in civilian (environmental), military and real post-accident (Chernobyl) situations
Presents a review of modelling of adsorption and adsorption processes, with several applications in different situations