Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop and Conference New Carbon Based Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems, Argonne, Illinois, U.S.A., 19-24 October 2003
The energy storage systems covered during the meeting included: metal air primary and rechargeable batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries. The latest developments on the manufacture of graphites, carbons, and nano-materials and their outlook for use in power sources were also presented.
The use of stable conducting polymers and expanded graphite in the cathode of zinc-air batteries was introduced. The role that new forms of carbons play in aqueous asymmetric capacitors was highlighted. The enhancement of cathode performance through the optimization of the carbon in the positive electrode and the use of metal-carbon composites as active materials in lithium-ion batteries were discussed. Also reviewed were recent developments in the use of hard carbons and surface treated graphites as electrode materials. Updates were also provided on the use of lithium-ion batteries for hybrid electric vehicles and power tools.
Preface. 1. New Carbon Materials for Supercapacitors. Subject Overview. Novel Carbonaceous Materials for Application in the Electrochemical Supercapacitors; E. Frackowiak et al.- Effect of Carbonaceous Materials on Performance of Carbon-Carbon and Carbon-Ni Oxide Types of Electrochemical Capacitors with Alkaline Electrolyte; A. I. Belyakov.- Hybrid Supercapacitors Based on a-MnO2/Carbon Nanotubes Composites; V. Khomenko et al.- Development of Supercapacitors Based on Conducting Polymers; V. Khomenko et al.- Supercapacitors: Old Problems and New Trends; Y. Malein et al.- Modeling Porosity Development During KOH Activation of Coal and Pitch-Derived Carbons for Electrochemical Capacitors; K. Kierzek et al.- General Properties of Ionic Liquids as Electrolytes for Carbon-Based Double Layer Capacitors ; A. Lewandowski, M. Galinski.- 2. Carbon Materials for Gas Diffusion Electrodes, Metal Air Cells and Batteries. Subject Overview.- New Concept for the Metal-Air Batteries Using Composites: Conducting Polymers/Expanded Graphite as Catalysts; V. Z. Barsukov et al.- Mechanically Rechargeable Magnesium-Air Cells with NaCl-Electrolyte; A. Kaisheva, I. Iliev.- Application of Carbon-Based Materials in Metal-Air Batteries: Research, Development, Commercialization ; A. Kaisheva, I. Iliev.- Metal - Air Batteries with Carbonaceous Air Electrodes and Nonmetallic Catalysts; N. Korovin.- 3. Carbon Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Subject Overview.- Carbonaceous Materials for Batteries; T. Takamura, R. J. Brodd.- Anode-Electrolyte Reactions in Li Batteries: The Differences Between Graphitic and Metallic Anodes; H. J. Santner et al.-Performance of Novel Types of Carbonaceous Materials in the Anodes of CLAiO's Lithium-Ion Battery Systems; M. Walkowiak et al.- Why Graphite Electrodes Fail in PC Solutions: An Insight from Morphological Studies; D. Aurbach et al.- New Developments in the Advanced Graphite for Lithium-Ion Batteries; F.-X. Henry et al.- Mechanisms ofReversible and Irreversible Insertion in Nanostructured Carbons Used for Li-Ion Batteries; F. Béguin et al.- Some Thermodynamics and Kinetics Aspects of the Graphite-Lithium Negative Electrode for Lithium-Ion Batteries; R. Yazami et al.- Characterization of Anodes Based on Various Carbonaceous Materials for Application in Lithium-Ion Cells; A. N. Kozhevnikov et al.- A Carbon Composite for the Negative Electrode of Li-Ion Batteries; A. V. Churikov et al.- Electrochemical Intercalation of PF and BF into Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes; R. Yazami et al.- Surface Treated Natural Graphite as Anode Material for High-Power Li-Ion Battery Applications; J. Liu et al.- 4. Emerging Metal/Carbon Composite Anodes for Next Generation Lithium-Ion Batteries. Subject Overview.- On The Theoretical Prerequisites for Application of Novel Materials in Promising Energy Systems; V. Z. Barsukov, J. E. Doninger.- Capabilities of Thin Tin Films as Negative Electrode Active Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries; Y. O. Illin et al.- Composite Anode Materials for High Energy Density Lithium-Ion Batteries; J. S. Gnanaraj et al.- Electrochemical Activity of Carbons Modified by d-Metal Complexes with Ethanolamines; L. G. Reiter et al.- Metal-Graphite Composites as Materials for Electrodes of Lithium-Ion Batteries; L. Matzui et al.- Electrochemical Performance of Ni/Cu-Metallized & Carbon-Coated Graphites for Lithium Batteries; C. S. Johnson et al.- 5. New Nano- Through Macro-Carbons for Energy Systems: Synthesis, Modeling, Characterization. Subject Overview.- Stabilization of Graphite Nitrate via Co-intercalation of Organic Compounds; M. V. Savoskin et al.- Electrochemical Stability of Natural, Thermally Exfoliated and Modified Forms of Graphite towards Electrochemical Oxidation; I. O. Kovalenko et al.- Low Temperature Synthesis of Graphite from Iron Carbide; S. Dimovski et al.- High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Image Analysis of Disordered Carbons Used for Electrochemical
This book reviews research work on electrochemical power sources in the former Warsaw Pact countries. It explores the role carbon plays in the cathodes and anodes of power sources and reveals the latest research into the development of metal air batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells and lithium-ion and lithium-ion polymer batteries. For the first time, a full chapter was devoted to metal-carbon composites as electrode materials of lithium-ion batteries
Reviews research work on electrochemical power sources being conducted in the former Warsaw Pact countries
Explores the role that carbon plays in the cathodes and anodes of power sources
Reveals the latest research into the development of metal air batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells and lithium-ion and lithium-ion polymer batteries
Introduces new forms of carbonaceous materials such as expanded graphite, hard carbons and nano carbons for use in electrochemical power sources
For the first time, a full chapter was devoted to metal-carbon composites as electrode materials of lithium-ion batteries