Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Functional Properties of Nanostructured Materials, Sozopol, Bulgaria, 3-15 June 2005
This book, based on the lectures and contributions of the NATO ASI on "Functional Properties of Nanostructured Materials", gives a broad overview on this topic, as it combines basic theoretical articles, papers dealing with experimental techniques, and contributions on advanced and up-to-date applications in fields such as microelectronics, optoelectronics, electrochemistry, sensorics, and biotechnology. In addition, it presents an interdisciplinary approach since the authors came from such different fields as physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science and biology. Some emphasis is given to the field of nanostructured/nanoscaled thin films, again stretching from basic theoretical over experimental (including both, fabrication and characterization) to application oriented topics. A major advantage of the book, which represents the knowledge of experts from 12 countries, is the combination of longer papers introducing the basic knowledge on a certain topic, and brief contributions highlighting special methods and applications.
Preface.- 1. General Aspects.- Nanoscaled materials: A brief introduction; R. Kassing, W. Kulisch.- 2. Basic Properties of Nanoscaled Materials.- 2.1. Electrical Properties.- Electronic Properties and characterization of disordered semiconductors; J. Marshall.- A computer modeling study of hopping transport and variable range hopping in disordered soils; J. Marshall.- Electrode-limited currents in thin ternary chalcogenide films; P. Petkov.- 2.2. Optical Properties.- A short survey of optical properties of metal nanostructures; U. Kreibig.- 2.3. Mechanical Properties.- Nanocomposite thin films with improved mechanical properties; W. Kulisch.- 3. Techniques and Methods.- 3.1. Preparation of Nanoscaled Materials.- Fabrication of nanostructures; R. Kassing.- 3.1.1. Bulk Materials.- Optical properties of metal nanoparticles formed by ion implantation and modified by laser annealing; A.L. Stepanov.- Synthesis procedures of nanocomposites from gels; J.-C. Pivin.- Phase separation and crystallization in high iron containing borosilicate glasses; R. Harizanova et al.- Nanocomposites based on immiscible borate glasses; V. Ivanova et al.- Investigation of the microstructure of polypropylene composites filled with wood flour modified with monochloracetic acid; D. Dobreva et al.- 3.1.2. Thin Films.- Physics of deposition of hydroxyapatite layers by pulse laser deposition method; W. Mroz.- Laser deposition of waveguiding films; M. Jelinek.- Functionalized thin films and structures obtained by novel laser processing approaches; R. Cristescu et al.- 3.2. Characterization of Nanoscaled Materials.- Nanostructured films on silicon surfaces; P. Morgen et al.- On the origin of impurities in the window layers of CsTe/CdS solar cells; M. Emziane et al.- 4. Nanoscaled Thin Films.- 4.1. Carbon and Related Materials.- Deposition, characterization and application of nanocrystalline diamond films; W. Kulisch, C. Popov.- Nano-scale, multi-functional, cubic boron nitride coatings; S. Ulrichet al.- Nanocrystalline cubic boron nitride films; R. Freudenstein, W. Kulisch.- Boron nitride thin layers prepared using a krypton fluoride excimer laser; R. Kosydar et al.- 4.2. Silicon-Based Films.- Metal induced crystallization - an advanced method for polycrystalline Si film preparation; D. Dimova-Malinovska.- Modication of the optical and structural properties of a-Si1-xCx: H films by ion implantation; D. Dimova-Malinovska.- Application of stain etched porous silicon in solar cells and light emitting diodes; D. Dimova-Malinovska.- Structural properties of poly-Si thin films on ZnO:Al coated glass substrates obtained by aluminium induced crystallization in different atmospheres; V. Grigorov et al.- 4.3. Oxide Films.- CVD-transition metal oxide films as functional layers in 'smart windows' and X-ray mirrors; K. Gesheva et al.- Plasma assisted deposition of tungsten oxide / silicon oxide multilayer films with sub-nanometer single layers; F. Hamelmann et al.- Electrical and polarization properties of nanosized ZrO2 on polycrystalline silicon; P.V. Aleksandrova et al.- Characterization of optical coatings for artwork protection by means of neutron reflectometry; I. Di Sarcina et al.- Functional nanostructured metal oxide thin films for applications in optical gas detection; G. Socol et al.- 4.4. Further Systems.- Structural characterization of Er: YAG thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition; D. Stanoi et al.- Optical behavior of vacuum deposited amorphous and nano-crystalline As2S3 films before and after irradiation; J. Dikova et al.- On the determination of the optical constants of very thin metallic films; P. Gushterova et al.- 5. Special Nanostructures: Fullerenes, Nanotube, Nanowires.- Nanostructured carbon materials; C. Popov.- Encapsulates: Nd-Fe-B@C and Fe@C for drug delivery systems and contrast elements, study of structure, chemical composition and magnetic properties; M.J. Wozniak et al.-
This book, based on the lectures and contributions of the NATO ASI on "Functional Properties of Nanostructured Materials", gives a broad overview on its topic, as it combines basic theoretical articles, papers dealing with experimental techniques, and contributions on advanced and up-to-date applications in fields such as microelectronics, optoelectronics, electrochemistry, sensorics, and biotechnology.
Gives an up-to-date overview on the wide field of nanoscaled/nanostructured materials
Content spans the topic of nanomaterials from the very basic to advanced applications
Contains contributions from physicists, chemists, material scientists, and biologists
Applications include electronic and optoelectronic devices, data storage, electrochemistry and biotechnology
The authors represent the knowledge of some of the leading scientists from 12 countries in the field