PART I: INTRODUCTORY SECTION
1. High-resolution paleoclimatology
Raymond S. Bradley
2. Dendroclimatology in high-resolution paleoclimatology
Malcolm K. Hughes
PART II: SCIENTIFIC BASES OF DENDROCLIMATOLOGY
3. How well understood are the processes that create dendroclimatic records? A mechanistic model of the climatic control on conifer tree-ring growth dynamics
Eugene A.Vaganov, Kevin J. Anchukaitis and Michael N. Evans
4. Uncertainty, emergence, and statistics in dendrochronology
Edward R. Cook and Neil Pederson
5. A closer look at regional curve standardization of tree-ring records: justification of the need, a warning of some pitfalls, and suggested improvements in its application
Keith R. Briffa and Thomas Melvin
6. Stable isotopes in dendroclimatology: moving beyond 'potential'
Mary Gagen, Daniel McCarroll, Neil J. Loader and Iain Robertson.
PART III: RECONSTRUCTION OF CLIMATE PATTERNS AND VALUES RELATIVE TO TODAY'S CLIMATE
7. Dendroclimatology from regional to continental scales: Understanding regional processes to reconstruct large-scale climatic variations across the Western Americas
Ricardo Villalba, Brian H. Luckman, Jose Boninsegna, Rosanne D. D'Arrigo, Antonio Lara, Jose Villanueva-Diaz, M ariano Masiokas, J aime Argollo, C laudia Soliz, C arlos LeQuesne, David W. Stahle, F idel Roig, J uan Carlos Aravena, Malcolm K. Hughes, Gregory Wiles, Gordon Jacoby, Peter Hartsough, Robert J.S. Wilson, Emily Watson, Edward R. Cook, Julian Cerano-Paredes, Matthew Therrell, Malcolm Cleaveland, Mariano S. Morales, Nicholas E. Graham, Jorge Moya, Jeanette Pacajes, Guillermina Massacchesi, Franco Biondi, Rocio Urrutia, and Guillermo Martinez Pastur
PART IV: APPLICATIONS OF DENDROCLIMATOLOGY
8. Application of streamflow reconstruction to water resources management
David M. Meko and Connie A.Woodhouse
9. Climatic inferences from dendroecological reconstructions
Thomas W. Swetnam and Peter M. Brown
10. North American tree-rings, climatic extremes, and social disasters
David W. Stahle and Jeffrey S. Dean
PART V: OVERVIEW
11. Tree rings and climate: Sharpening the focus
Malcolm K. Hughes, Henry F. Diaz and Thomas W. Swetnam
A top priority in climate research is obtaining broad-extent and long-term data to support analyses of historical patterns and trends, and for model development and evaluation. Along with directly measured climate data from the present and recent past, it is important to obtain estimates of long past climate variations spanning multiple centuries and millennia. These longer time perspectives are needed for assessing the unusualness of recent climate changes, as well as for providing insight on the range, variation and overall dynamics of the climate system over time spans exceeding available records from instruments, such as rain gauges and thermometers.
Tree rings have become increasingly valuable in providing this long-term information because extensive data networks have been developed in temperate and boreal zones of the Earth, and quantitative methods for analyzing these data have advanced. Tree rings are among the most useful paleoclimate information sources available because they provide a high degree of chronological accuracy, high replication, and extensive spatial coverage spanning recent centuries. With the expansion and extension of tree-ring data and analytical capacity new climatic insights from tree rings are being used in a variety of applications, including for interpretation of past changes in ecosystems and human societies.
This volume presents an overview of the current state of dendroclimatology, its contributions over the last 30 years, and its future potential. The material included is useful not only to those who generate tree-ring records of past climate-dendroclimatologists, but also to users of their results-climatologists, hydrologists, ecologists and archeologists.
'With the pressing climatic questions of the 21st century demanding a deeper understanding of the climate system and our impact upon it, this thoughtful volume comes at critical moment. It will be of fundamental importance in not
only guiding researchers, but in educating scientists and the interested lay person on the both incredible power and potential pitfalls of reconstructing climate using tree-ring analysis.', Glen M. MacDonald, UCLA Institute of the Environment, CA, USA
'This is an up-to-date treatment of all branches of tree-ring science, by the world's experts in the field, reminding us that tree rings are the most important source of proxy data on climate change. Should be read by all budding dendrochronology scientists.', Alan Robock, Rutgers University, NJ, USA
1) State-of-the-art review of the current state of dendroclimatology, its contributions over the last 30 years, and its future potential.
2) Chapters address major strengths and weaknesses associated with the use of tree rings to aspects of paleoclimatology
3) Provides a wealth of examples of the use of tree rings in dendroclimatology and its applications to other fields