Preface * Contributors * 1. Status and scope of aquaculture - T. Gjedrem * 2. Basic genetics - T.Gjedrem and O.Andersen * 3. Population genetics - O. Andersen and B. Hayes * 4. Polygenic inheritance - H.B. Bentsen * 5. Basic statistical parameters - T. Gjedrem and I. Olesen * 6. Kinship, relationship and inbreeding - A. K. Sonesson, J.A. Woolliams and Th.H.E. Meuwissen * 7. Selection - T. Gjedrem and J. Thodesen * 8. Reproductive traits in aquatic animals - T. Refstie and T. Gjedrem * 9. Methods for estimating phenotypic and genetic parameters - K. Kolstad * 10. Breeding strategies - K.T. Fjalestad * 11. Selection methods - K.T. Fjalestad * 12. Design of breeding programs - B. Gjerde * 13. Prediction of breeding values - B. Gjerde * 14. Genotype - environment interaction - T. Gjedrem * 15. Measuring genetic change - M. Rye and T. Gjedrem * 16. Breeding plans - T. Gjedrem * 17. Organising breeding programs - T. Gjedrem and T. Refstie * 18. Chromosome engineering - T. Refstie and T. Gjedrem * 19. Modern biotechnolgoy and aquaculture - B. Hayes and O. Andersen * 20. Genetic interactions between farmed and wild fish, with examples from the Atlantic salmon case in Norway - H.B. Bentsen and J. Thodesen * Appendix * References * Index
Although aquaculture as a biological production system has a long history, systematic and efficient breeding programs to improve economically important traits in the farmed species have rarely been utilized until recently, except for salmonid species. This means that the majority of aquaculture production (more than 90 %) is based on genetically unimproved stocks. In farm animals the situation is vastly different: practically no terrestrial farm production is based on genetically unimproved and undomesticated populations. This difference between aquaculture and livestock production is in spite of the fact that the basic elements of breeding theory are the same for fish and shellfish as for farm animals. One possible reason for the difference is the complexity of reproductive biology in aquatic species, and special consideration needs to be taken in the design of breeding plans for these species. Since 1971 AKVAFORSK, has continuously carried out large scale breeding research projects with salmonid species, and during the latest 15 years also with a number of fresh water and marine species. Results from this work and the results from other institutions around the world have brought forward considerable knowledge, which make the development of efficient breeding programs feasible. The genetic improvement obtained in selection programs for fish and shellfish is remarkable and much higher than what has been achieved in terrestrial farm animals.
Encourages implementation of selective breeding programs for economically important fish and shellfish species around the world