As an academic discipline, the philosophy and history of science in Turkey was marked by two historical events: Hans Reichenbach's immigrating to Turkey and taking a post between 1933 and 1938 at Istanbul University prior to his tenure at UCLA, and Aydin Sayili's establishing a chair in the history of science in 1952 after having become the first student to receive a Ph.D. under George Sarton at Harvard University. Since then, both disciplines have flourished in Turkey.
The present book, which contains seventeen newly commissioned articles, aims to give a rich overview of the current state of research by Turkish philosophers and historians of science. Topics covered address issues in methodology, causation, and reduction, and include philosophy of logic and physics, philosophy of psychology and language, and Ottoman science studies. The book also contains an unpublished interview with Maria Reichenbach, Hans Reichenbach's wife, which sheds new light on Reichenbach's academic and personal life in Istanbul and at UCLA.
About the Contributors. 1. Gürol Irzik and Güven Güzeldere: Introductory Remarks. 2. Güven Güzeldere: An Interview with Maria Reichenbach and David Kaplan.
Part I. Philosophy Of Formal And Physical Sciences.
3. Teo Grünberg: Demarcation of the Logical Constants and Logical Truth in terms of Analyticity. 4. Hüseyin Yilmaz: General Theory of Relativity and the 5th Test. 5. Yalçin Koç: Implications of the Geometry of Quantum Mechanical Perfect Correlation Functions Concerning 'Bell's Theorem without Inequalities'.
Part II. Epistemological And Methodological Issues In Science.
6. Ümit Yalçin: Quine's Robust Relativism. 7. David Grünberg: Confirmation of Theoretical Hypotheses: Bootstrapping with a Bayesian Face. 8. Erdinç Sayan: Idealizations and Approximations in Science, and the Bayesian Theory of Confirmation. 9. Celal Sengör: Repeated Independent Discovery and 'Objective Evidence" in Science: An Example from Geology. 10. Samet Bagçe: A Study on the Heuristic of Saccheri's Euclides.
Part III. Philosophy Of Language And Mind.
11. Ilhan Inan: Discovery and Inostensible De Re Knowledge. 12. Karanfil Soyhun: Implications of the Semantics and Pragmatics Distinction for Philosophy of Science. 13. Murat Aydede: Computation and Functionalism: Syntactic Theory of Mind Revisited.
Part IV. Causes And Action.
14. Arda Denkel: Causation, Parts, and Properties. 15. Sun Demirli: Causal Relations in Hume. 16. Berent Enç: How Causes can Rationalize: Belief-Desire Explanations of Actions.
Part V. Ottoman Science Studies.
17. Berna Kilinç: Ottoman Science Studies-A Review. 18. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu: Institutionalization of Sciencein the Medreses of pre-Ottoman and Ottoman Turkey. 19. Osman R. Bahadir and H. Günhan Danisman: Late Ottoman and Early Republican Science Periodicals: Center and Periphery Relationship in Dissemimation of Knowledge.
Reflects the current state of philosophy and history of science in Turkey
Describes the interplay between the global and the local in science studies
Contains a historically significant interview with Maria Reichenbach and David Kaplan