CONTENTS Preface K. Suzuki: Fe-M-B (M = Pia to VIa Metal) Nanocrystalline Soft Magnetic Materials; G.Herzer: The Random Anisotropy Model 15; J.M. Barandiaran: Some Aspects of the Crystallization of FINEMETand NANOPERM Like Alloys; T. Kulik et al: Magnetically Soft Nanocrystalline Materials Obtained by Devitrification of Metallic Glasses; B.V. Jalnin et al: The Initial Stage of Nanocrystallization in Fe-Cu-Nb-Si-B Ferromagnetic Alloys; M. Deanko et al: Cluster Structure and Thermodynamics of the Formation of Nanocrystalline Phases ; E.Illekova: Kinetic Characterization of Nanocrystal Formation in Metallic Glasses; V.I. Tkatch et al: Kinetics of the Nonisothermal Primary Crystallization of Metallic Glasses: Nanocrystal Development in Fe Amorphous Alloy; S.D. Kaloshkin et al: Structural Relaxation and Nanocrystallization in the Initial Stage of Amorphous Alloys Studied by Curie Temperature Measurements; C.F. Conde et al: Nanocrystallization Process of the HITPERM Fe-Co-Nb-B Alloys; A. Slawska-Waniewska: Low Temperature Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Co-Nb-Cu-Si-B Alloys; F. Mazaleyrat et al: Induced Anisotropy and Magnetic Properties at Elevated Temperatures of Co-Substituted FINEMET Alloys; P. Kollar et al: Structure and Magnetic Properties of the Fe-Cu-Nb-Si-B Powder Prepared by Milling; L.K. Varga, F. Mazaleyrat: Magnetic Decoupling in Soft Magnetic Nanocrystalline Alloys; H. Chiriac, N. Lupu: Design and Preparation of New Soft Magnetic Amorphous Ferromagnets; B.Idzikowski: Formation of Nanocrystalline Phases in Fe-Ni-Zr-B Amorphous Alloys; R.Hasegawa: Applications of Amorphous Magnetic Alloys; S. Roth et al: Magnetic Crystalline Transition Metal Ribbons Prepared by Melt-Spinning and Reactive Annealing; Yu.V. Barmin et al: Percolation and Fractal Clusters in Amorphous Metals; J. Degmová et al: Neutron Irradiation Effect on Fe-Based Alloys Studied by Mössbauer Spectrometry; K. Sedlacková et al: The Application of Different AnalyticalTechniques in Understanding the Corrosion Phenomena of Non-Crystalline Alloys; K.W. Wojciechowski: Monte Carlo Simulations of Model Particles Forming Phases of Negative Poisson Ratio; 0. Crisan et al:Magnetic Properties of Nanostructured Materials; L. Battezzati et al: Al-Rare Earth-Transition Metal Alloys: Fragility of Melts and Resistance to Crystallization; L.Battezzati et al: On Different Mechanisms of Primary Crystallization in Al-Ni-La-Zr Amorphous Alloys; M. Jahnátek et al: Atomic Structure, Interatomic Bonding and Mechanical Properties of the A13 V Compound; F.Audebert: Amorphous and Nanostructured Al-Fe and Al-Ni Alloys; M. Kowalczyk et al: Bulk Amorphous Samples of Al-Mm-Ni System; E. Fazakas et al: Al-Based Amorphous Alloys at the Limit of Glass Forming Ability; N. Mitrovic et al: Magnetic Softening of Metallic Glasses by Current Annealing Technique; V.I. Dimitrov: Interpretation of the Glass Transition Temperature from the Point of View of Molecular Mobility; I.Kokanovic, A. Tonejc: The Effect of Thermal Relaxation on the Short-Range Order in Melt-Quenched Zr-Co and Zr-Ni Alloys; R. Ristic et al: Magnetic Properties of Zr-3d Glassy Alloy Systems; J.-M.Greneche: 'Intergranular Phase in Nanocrystalline Alloys: Structural Aspects and Magnetic Properties; J. Balogh et al: Mössbauer Study of Fe Grains in Nanocomposites; M.Kopcewicz: Radio-Frequency Mössbauer Spectroscopy in the Investigation of Nanocrystalline Alloys; D.S. Schmool: Ferromagnetic Resonance in Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Materials;M. Miglierini et al: Magnetic Microstructure of Amorphous/Nanocrystalline Fe-Mo-Cu-B Alloys; N. Lupu, H. Chiriac: Microstructure - Magnetic Properties Relationship in Nano-Clustered Glassy Magnets; Authors Index; Subject Index; List of Participants
Metallic (magnetic and non-magnetic) nanocrystalline materials have been known for over ten years but only recent developments in the research into those complex alloys and their metastable amorphous precursors have created a need to summarize the most important accomplishments in the field. This book is a collection of articles on various aspects of metallic nanocrystalline materials, and an attempt to address this above need.
The main focus of the papers is put on the new issues that emerge in the studies of nanocrystalline materials, and, in particular, on (i) new compositions of the alloys, (ii) properties of conventional nanocrystalline materials, (iii) modeling and simulations, (iv) preparation methods, (v) experimental techniques of measurements, and (vi) different modern applications. Interesting phenomena of the physics of nanocrystalline materials are a consequence of the effects induced by the nanocrystalline structure. They include interface physics, the influence of the grain boundaries, the averaging of magnetic anisotropy by exchange interactions, the decrease in exchange length, and the existence of a minimum two-phase structure at the atomic scale.
Attention is also paid to the special character of the local atomic ordering and to the corresponding interatomic bonding as well as to anomalies and particularities of electron density distributions, and to the formation of metastable, nanocrystalline (or quasi-crystalline) phases built from exceptionally small grains with special properties. Another important focus of attention are new classes of materials which are not based on new compositions, but rather on the original and special crystalline structure in the nanoscale.