This handbook offers a state-of-the-art overview of quantitative science and technology research. It focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific or scholarly publications and patents. It comprises 34 chapters written by leading specialists in the various sub-domains. These chapters deal with theoretical and methodological issues, illustrate applications, and highlight their policy context and relevance. Authors present a survey of the research topics they address, and show their most recent achievements. The 34 chapters are arranged into 5 parts: Disciplinary Approaches; General Methodology; The Science System; The Technology System; and The Science-Technology Interface. The Editor's Introduction provides a further specification of the handbook's scope and of the main topics addressed in its chapters. This handbook aims at four distinct groups of readers: - practitioners in the field of science and technology studies; - research students in this field; - scientists, scholars and technicians who are interested in a systematic, thorough analysis of their activities; - policy makers and administrators who wish to be informed about the potentialities and limitations of the various approaches and about their results.
Preface. Editors' Introduction; Henk F. Moed, Wolfgang Glänzel, and Ulrich Schmoch. Part 1: Disciplinary Approaches. 1. Measuring Science; Anthony F.J. van Raan. 2. Econometric Approaches to the Analysis of Productivity of R&D Systems; Andrea Bonaccorsi and Cinzia Daraio. 3. Indicators for National Science and Technology Policy; Hariolf Grupp and Mary Ellen Mogee. 4. Keeping the Gates of Science Journals; Tibor Braun. 5. S&T Indicators for Policy Making in a Changing Science-Society Relationship; Rémi Barré. 6. Paradigms and Trajectories of Technological Opportunities 1890-1990; Birgitte Andersen. 7. Science on the Periphery: Bridging the Information Divide; Subbiah Arunachalam. Part 2: General Methodology. 8. Data Mining and Text Mining for Science & Technology Research; Edda Leopold, Michael May, and Gerhard Paaß. 9. Opening the Black Box; Sybille Hinze and Ulrich Schmoch. 10. Science Maps within a Science Policy Context; Ed C.M. Noyons. 11. Analysing Scientific Networks through Co-Authorship; Wolfgang Glänzel and András Schubert. 12. Patent Citations and the Economic Value of Patents; Bhaven N. Sampat and Arvids A. Ziedonis. 13. Scientific and Technological Performance by Gender; Fulvio Naldi, Daniela Luzi, Adriana Valente, and Ilaria Vannini Parenti. 14. The Use of Input Data in the Performance Analysis of R&D Systems; Marc Luwel. 15. Methodological Issues of Webometric Studies; Peter Ingwersen and Lennart Björneborn. Part 3: The Science System. 16. Descriptive versus Evaluative Bibliometrics; Thed van Leeuwen. 17. What Happens when Funding Is Linked to Publication Counts?; Linda Butler. 18. Internationalisation in Science in the Prism of Bibliometric Indicators; Michel Zitt and Elise Bassecoulard. 19. Analysis of Cross-DisciplinaryResearch through Bibliometric Tools; María Bordons, Fernanda Morillo, and Isabel Gómez. 20. Citations to Papers from Other Documents; Grant Lewison. 21. The Four Literatures of Social Science; Diana Hicks. 22. Evaluation of Research Performance and Scientometric Indicators in China; Bihui Jin and Ronald Rousseau. 23. Decomposing National Trends in Activity and Impact; Olle Persson and Rickard Danell. Part 4: The Technology System. 24. National Patterns of Technology Accumulation: Use of Patent Statistics; Lionel Nesta and Pari Patel. 25. Using Patent Citation Indicators to Manage a Stock Portfolio; Francis Narin, Anthony Breitzman, and Patrick Thomas. 26. Patent Data for Monitoring S&T Portfolios; Koenraad Debackere and Marc Luwel. 27. Patent Profiling for Competitive Advantage; Alan L. Porter and Nils C. Newman. 28. Knowledge Networks from Patent Data; Stefano Breschi and Francesco Lissoni. 29. Measuring the Internationalisation of the Generation of Knowledge; Dominique Guellec and Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie. Part 5: Science-Technology Interface. 30. Patents and Publications; Elise Bassecoulard and Michel Zitt. 31. Measuring and Evaluating Science-Technology Connections and Interactions; Robert J.W. Tijssen. 32. The Technological Output of Scientific Institutions; Ulrich Schmoch. 33. Specialisation and Integration; Stefano Brusoni and Aldo Geuna. 34. Science and Technology Systems in Less Developed Countries; Eduardo da Motta e Albuquerque. About the Authors. Subject Index.
Focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific publications and patents