This 10th volume in the DPER series is intended to show how stable isotopes can be applied to understanding the palaeoenvironment. There are chapters on the interpretation of isotopes in water, tree rings, bones and teeth, lake sediments, speleothems and marine sediments. Isotopes can be extremely powerful palaeoenvironmental tools, however, as with all archives it is desirable to carry out a calibration exercise to investigate the basic systematics of isotope variation in the modern environment to establish the relationship between the measured signal and the isotope composition of the host. A robust calibration is seldom easy so isotope methods should be used in conjunction with a multi-proxy approach, using isotope signals from different materials or combined with other palaeoenvironmental techniques. This book is advanced but aimed at both students and scientists who are interested in environmental change.
1. Isotopes in Water W. George Darling, Adrian H. Bath, John J. Gibson, Kazimierz Rozanski Introduction Oxygen and hydrogen stable isotopes in precipitation From precipitation to terrestrial water Lake waters and mass balance modelling Dissolved carbon From proxy to climate - constraints on interpretation Summary References 2. Isotopes in tree rings Danny McCarroll, Neil J. Loader Introduction Tree ring archives Isotope fractionation in trees Sample selection and preparation Mass spectrometry Data analysis Environmental signals Multi-proxy dendroclimatology Summary References 3. Isotopes in bones and teeth Robert E.M. Hedges, Rhiannon E. Stevens, Paul L. Koch Introduction Isotope incorporation into bone Relationship of bone isotope composition to an animal's diet Preservation of the isotope signal in bone and tooth Environmental influences on isotope transport through food chains Application of isotope techniques to bone and teeth Summary References 4. Isotopes in lake sediments Melanie J. Leng, Angela L. Lamb, Timothy H.E. Heaton, James D. Marshall,Brent B. Wolfe, Matthew D. Jones, Jonathan A. Holmes, Carol Arrowsmith Introduction Oxygen isotope systematics in inorganic materials Carbon, nitrogen and oxygen in bulk organic sediments and compound specific carbon Nitrogen isotopes in lacustrine organic matter Oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in lacustrine organic matter Summary References 5. Isotopes in speleothems Frank McDermott, Henry Schwarcz, Peter J.Rowe Introduction Oxygen isotopes in speleothems Carbon isotopes in speleothems Fluid inclusions in speleothems: methodologies and some recent results Summary References 6. Isotopes in marine sediments Mark A. Maslin, George E. A. Swann Introduction Oxygen isotopes in marine sediments Carbon isotopes in marine sediments Nitrogen isotopes in marine sediments Silicon isotopes in marine sediments Boron isotopes in marine sediments Summary References Glossary, acronyms, abbreviations Index
From the reviews:
"This 10th volume in Springer's series 'Developments in Palaeoenvironmental Research's intended to show how stable isotopes can be applied to increase the understanding of palaeoenvironments. ... The book has an advanced level, but aims at both students and scientists who are interested in stable isotopes and environmental changes. The readers will find new methodologies and advances regarding isotope analysis for palaeoenvironmental research, and learn the basics on isotope fractionation and transport." (Ms. Yu Xiaoguo, Journal of Sedimentary Research, May, 2007)
"The editor of this volume notes that the intention of this book is to 'show how isotopes can be applied to understanding the paleoenvironment.' With that intension, several key issues should be addressed in each chapter. ... Overall, this book is a useful summary of recent paleo-isotope literature. ... The book focuses on water isotopes, and ... carbon isotopes. ... Isotopes in Palaeoenvironmental Research is aimed at both students and teachers, and as a summary of recent isotope literature it is ... useful to both." (Matt Fischer, EOS, Vol. 88 (7), February, 2007)
Über den Autor
Melanie J. Leng (ed) is head of palaeoclimate research at the NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory and Chair in Isotope Geoscience, University of Nottingham.
This thorough reference shows how stable isotopes can be applied to understanding the palaeoenvironment, with chapters on the interpretation of isotopes in water, tree rings, bones and teeth, lake sediments, speleothems and marine sediments. The book offers detailed advice on calibration, including a multi-proxy approach, using isotope signals from different materials or combined with other palaeoenvironmental techniques, to enhance the reliability of readings.
Emphasises on all the main proxies analysed for isotopes in palaeoenvironmental research with the exception of ice cores