This book is intended not only for scholars and students in humanities, history (esp. the history of ideas), Jewish studies, philosophy (esp. the history of philosophy), and Christian theology, but also for those concerned with the roots of anti-Semitism and with the need for toleration and intercultural pluralism.
Modernity and the Final Aim of History: Combines the development of German philosophy from the Enlightenment to Idealism, and from Idealism to the revolutionary turning-point of the mid-nineteenth century with the Jewish question; Shows the close entwining of anti-Jewish prejudices with awareness of the importance of Judaism in the formation of modern thought; Points out the hopes, obstacles, compromises, and disappointments of Jewish emancipation right up to the appearance of racial anti-Semitism; Traces the changes in the debate over Judaism from the theological perspective to the philosophical and from the philosophical to that of the economic and naturalistic; Underlines the dangers to toleration that arise from seeing human history as directed towards a single aim; Can be used in university courses and seminars, as well as in research groups.
Introduction. 1. Prejudices and the philosophy of history. 2. The question of assimilation and the starting point of the study. 3. Our investigation.
One: Reason, Humanity and Religions. 1. 'True' religion and positive religions: Mendelssohn and Lavater. 2. Emancipation, toleration and faith: Mendelssohn, Hamann and Jacobi. 3. The redimensioning of Enlightenment: dialogue between Wizenmann and Kant.
Two: Christianity, People and Nations. 1. Liberty, morality and the state: Fichte. 2. Baptism and nationality. Schleiermacher and David Friedländer. 3. Popular religion and reason: the first writings of Hegel at Tübingen and Bern. 4. The fate of Judaism: the writings of Hegel at Frankfurt and Jena. 5. The Sublime and the election of a people: the Berlin Lessons. 6. The impossible conciliation: Fries.
Three: Atheism, Progress and Revolution. 1. Judaism and myths: Schelling and Strauss. 2. Self-consciousness and social emancipation: Bruno Bauer and Karl Marx. 3. Alienation, monotheism and humanism: Feuerbach, Daumer and Ghillany. 4. Jewish Humanism and Messianism: Gotthold Salomon and Moses Hess.
Index of subjects. Index of names.
This book is intended for scholars and students in humanities, history, Jewish studies, philosophy, Christian theology, and for those concerned with the roots of anti-Semitism and with the need for toleration and intercultural pluralism. The book combines the development of German philosophy from the Enlightenment to Idealism, and from Idealism to the revolutionary turning-point of the mid-nineteenth century with the Jewish question.