This collection of essays, first published two decades ago, presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies. Unfortunately, in spite of the brilliant body of research and scholarship in these fields in subsequent decades, the insights of these essays remain as timely now as they were then: philosophy and the sciences still presume kinds of social innocence to which they are not entitled. The essays focus on Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hobbes, Rousseau, and Marx; on the 'adversary method' model of philosophic reasoning; on principles of individuation on philosophical ontology and philosophy of language; on individualistic assumptions in psychology; functionalism in sociological and biological theory; evolutionary theory; the methodology of political science; and conceptions of objective inquiry in the sciences. In taking insights of both Liberal and Marxian women's movements into the purportedly most abstract and value-free areas of Western thought, these essays chart sexist and androcentric assumptions, claims and practices in the cognitive, technical cores of Western sciences and their philosophies. They begin to identify the distinctive aspects of women's experiences and locations in male-supremacist social structures which can provide resources needed for the creation of post-androcentric thinking in research, scholarship, and public policy. Such uses of feminist insights remain controversial today, and even among some feminists.
Introduction to the Second Edition.- Contributor's Notes: 2003. Introduction.- Woman is Not a Rational Animal: On Aristotle's Biology of Reproduction.- Aristotle and the Politicization of the Soul.- The Unit of Political Analysis: Our Aristotlian Hangover.- Have Only Men Evolved?- Evolution and Patriarchal Myths of Scarcity and Competition.- Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Forerunner of a Feminist Social Science.- The Trivialization of the Notion of Equality.- How Can Language be Sexist?- A Paradigm of Philosophy: The Adversary Method.- The Man of Professional Wisdom.- Gender and Science.- The Mind's Eye.- Individualism and the Objects of Psychology.- Political Philosophy and the Patriarchal Unconscious: A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Epistemology and Metaphysics.- The Feminist Standpoint: Developing the Ground for a Specifically Feminist Historical Materialism.- Why Has the Sex/Gender System become Visible only Now?- Index of Names.
This collection of essays, first published two decades ago, presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies. This work provides a splendid opportunity for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in philosophy and the social sciences to explore some of the most intriguing and controversial challenges to disciplinary projects and to public policy today.
Presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies
Essays focus on Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hobbes, Rousseau, and Marx