Preface; G. Hon, S.S. Rakover. Contributing Authors. Introduction: The Why and How of Explanation: an Analytical Exposition; G. Hon. Part 1: Theoretical Approaches. What Good is An Explanation?; P. Lipton. Explanation and Confirmation: A Bayesian Critique of Inference to the Best Explanation; W.C. Salmon. Is Explanation a Guide to Inference? A Reply to W.C. Salmon; P. Lipton. Reflections of a Bashful Bayesian: A Reply to Peter Lipton; W.C. Salmon. Knowledge and Explanation in Aristotle's Posterior Analytics; O. Harari-Eshel. Part 2: Applications. The Explanation of Emotions; A. Ben-Ze'Ev. The Deductive-Reconstruction Method and the Catch Model: Methodological and Explanatory Features; S.S. Rakover. Explaining Religious Utterances by Taking Seriously Super-naturalist (and Naturalist) Claims; B. Beit-Hallahmi. Explanation in Archaeology; M.H. Salmon. Can Psychological Processes Be Explained? A Call for a Revitalized Behaviorism; W.R. Uttal. The Use of Error as an Explanatory Category in Politics; O. Balaban. Are there Aesthetic Explanations?; R. Lorand. Name Index. Subject Index.