Excerpt from The Works of Edgar Allan Poe, Vol. 5: With an Introduction and a Memoir
Well, Aries Tottle ¿ourished supreme, until the ad vent Of one Hog, surnamed the Ettrick shepherd,' who preached an entirely different system, which he called the a posteriori or inductive. His plan referred altogether to sensation. He proceeded by Observing, analyzing, and classifying facts - instantia Natura, as they were Some what affectedly called - and arranging them into general laws. In a word, while the mode of Aries rested on noumena, that of Hog depended on p/zenomena; and SO great was the admiration excited by this latter system that, at its first introduction, Aries fell into general dis repute. Finally, however, he recovered ground, and was permitted to divide the empire of Philosophy with his more modern rival, - the savans contenting themselves with proscribing all ot/zcr competitors, past, present and to come; putting an end to all controversy on the topic by the promulgation Of a Median law, to the e¿'ect that the Aristotelian and Baconian roads are, and of right ought to be, the sole possible avenues to knowledge Baco nian,' you must know, my dear friend, adds the letter writer at this point, was an adjective invented as equiva lent to Hog-ian, and at the same time more dignified and euphonious.
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