High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Canadian Rangers are a sub-component of the Canadian Forces reserve that provide a military presence in Canada's sparsely settled northern, coastal, and isolated areas. Formally established on May 23, 1947, the primary role of this part-time force is to conduct surveillance or sovereignty patrols as required. Some Canadian Rangers also conduct inspections of the North Warning System sites and act as guides and scouts when southern forces are in their area of operations. Each Canadian Ranger is issued a red Canadian Ranger sweatshirt, CADPAT pants, combat boots, baseball cap, safety vest, rifle and navigation aids. The Canadian Rangers are a volunteer force made up Inuit, First Nations, Métis and non-Aboriginals. These members of the Canadian army are paid when on operations and when training and are paid an equipment usage rate when utilizing their own light over-snow vehicles, all-terrain vehicles, watercraft and other tools and equipment.