High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! African socialism is a belief in sharing economic resources in a "traditional" African way, as distinct from classical socialism. Many African politicians of the 1950s and 1960s professed their support for African socialism, although definitions and interpretations of this term varied considerably. Soviet and Chinese leaders helped African socialism to develop. After the Sino-Soviet split, both pro-Moscow and pro-Beijing socialists emerged in Africa, while others were non-aligned.