High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Carlism is a traditionalist and legitimist political movement in Spain seeking the establishment of a separate line of the Bourbon family on the Spanish throne. This line descended from Infante Carlos, Count of Molina (1788-1855), and was founded due to widespread dissatisfaction with the Alfonsine line of the House of Bourbon. The movement was strengthened following Spain's defeat in the Spanish- American War, when Spain lost many of its colonies such as Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. An exceptionally long-lived movement, it was a significant player in Spanish politics from 1833 until the end of the Franco regime in 1975 as a social and political force, and one of the main actors in the Spanish cultural war of Catholicism and Monarchism against liberalism and modernism. In this capacity, it was the cause of several major wars during the 19th century, and an important factor during the more recent Spanish Civil War.