High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Charlotte Lee, Countess of Lichfield (5 September 1664 17 February 1718), formerly Lady Charlotte Fitzroy, was the illegitimate daughter of Charles II of England and Scotland by one of his most notorious mistresses, Barbara Palmer née Villiers, later 1st Duchess of Cleveland. She was the fourth child and second daughter of the Lady Barbara Palmer, who was by then separated but still married to Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine. Castlemaine likely did not father any of his wife's children; rather, Charlotte and her siblings were probably the offspring of their mother's royal lover, Charles II. The king acknowledged her as his daughter and so she bore the surname of Fitzroy - "son of the King". She was the favorite niece of James II, brother of Charles II. "We know but little of her except that she was beautiful;" she "rivaled her mother in beauty, but was far unlike her in every other respect."